Author: Andrej Kovac

Do the electromagnetic frequencies generated by wireless devices and networks cause cancer or other health problems? And, if they do, how significant are the dangers the public will be exposed to when 5G cellular networks will become widely available in the future?

Medical studies demonstrate a correlation between cancerous tumors in laboratory animals and radio frequency radiation from the weaker cellular networks that were in use in the past; this research tested the effects of radiation levels that were present in 2G and 3G cellular networks. That leaves us to wonder about the effects resulting from radiation from the stronger 4G networks currently in widespread use – and what the effects will be like from the significantly stronger 5G networks that have yet to be rolled out. 

According to researchers at Ericsson, 5G networks will provide between 10 to 100 times more capacity than 4G networks do now. To be effective in their delivery of signals powerful enough to facilitate the internet of things, they tell us that base stations or antennas will need to be located at intervals roughly equating to every block and a half. However, other experts believe that the base stations or antennas will need to be placed much closer together. They’ll need to be located in front of every two to ten homes, according to experts at the USA-based non-profit organisation known as Environmental Health Trust. 

The Daily Mail reports the current number of cell towers in the USA at 154,000 and points out that 800,000 more are necessary to enable 5G.

Respected researchers, scientists and doctors from multiple nations and continents are stepping forward to warn lawmakers and public health authorities that more research is needed before we recklessly implement this technology. Considering the projections for the necessity of such numerous additional installations of the 5G technology, it seems reasonable to heed their warnings.

A group of 230+ scientists and doctors from 41 diverse nations have sounded an alarm to make known their concerns about the probability that 5G will cause harm to both people and the environment.

In the EU, a group of scientists requested a moratorium on the rollout of 5g mobile networks. This request was prompted by their mutual concern that 5G will result in a widespread and unavoidable increase in exposure to wireless radiation that will adversely affect people, animals plants and the environment.

What About the Safety of the National Broadband Network (NBN)?

The NBN has more than its fair share of problems, as we’ve reported in the past. But, apparently, safety isn’t one of them. Experts at the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) have studied the issue and concluded that they do not expect problems with adverse health effects from NBN wireless base station emissions. So, that’s one check mark in favor of NBN plans over 5G cellular networks.

When comparing NBN against 5G, these health concerns are an important thing to take into consideration. Some techies are predicting that 5G networks will be a viable alternative to the NBN, but it seems more careful scientific and medical research is warranted before we definitely come to that conclusion.­

The job market is rapidly changing. Jobs in IT are becoming ever more popular, with the millennial generation completely changing up the world of work for the future. With so many new and different job types popping up, we are now saying goodbye to paper offices and bringing in paperless ways of working in many organisations.

Increases in tech and software mean many people are now training to go into specific positions as they will remain relevant, not only now but years into the future.

So what are the biggest IT job trends right now in Australia? We take a look at 4 of the biggest job trends in 2018.

Software Developer

Software developers, also known as computer programmers, play a key role in the overall design, installation, testing and maintenance of an organisations software systems. The programs which you create are guaranteed to help businesses to become more efficient and therefore provide a better service to their customers. 

Not everyone is skilled in software development, and these individuals are highly sought after in many new companies, especially in the startup world. The average salary for a software developer can be anywhere from a starting salary of $20,830 up to $70,000 as an expert. In this position, individuals can be expected to work 37-40 hours a week. 

Cloud Architect

Cloud architects are in charge of overseeing the organisation’s cloud computing strategy, and are mainly responsible for the deploying, supporting and managing cloud applications. Cloud architects generally have a strong understanding of a variety of operating systems in addition to networking, programming and also security skills. Cloud architects can make from $87,500 to $236,000 depending on their skills. 

Data Scientist

Data scientists are the individuals who help an organisation to gather, process and finally analyze data. They are usually well-skilled in communication their findings and providing suitable recommendations to others within the business. Data scientists can earn from a starting salary of $30k to $72k. 

Full-stack Developer

Full-stack developers are those individuals who understand every level of software development. They understand key elements of development, including servers, networks, website hosting, relational and non-relational databases, UX & UI design, security and a lot more. They are therefore sought after for working for both business and customer requirements. The average full-stack developer salary can be anywhere up to $150,000 per year.

If you are keen to put your CV at the forefront of employers’ choice, then perhaps an online Masters in Data Science could help to get you there. Studying such a course could really give you an edge over the competition, and give you the confidence you need to properly succeed in your preferred tech role.

To Summarize

Tech jobs are on the rise, and many organisations are hiring more than one specialist in their companies. Therefore, if you are after a career in tech, now is the time to get working and train yourself to be the best choice possible!

Following a rash of doubt cast over Huawei’s intentions as a potential global supplier of 5G technology, Australia is in the first steps of pushing out its own 5G network in an attempt to bring the country up to speed both literally and figuratively. It’s almost certain to lead to a push for an increase in productivity and hiring in the IT workforce and those ramifications may push further than the world of telecommunications. 

Huawei’s Corporate Suspicions

Australia’s push for its own 5G network is just one part of a larger overarching tale of global suspicion thrown at Huawei, a Chinese corporation overseeing the deployment of 5G in China with offers to send their technology abroad for testing and future infrastructure integration. Yet many doubt the intents of this deployment, claiming the Chinese government will use Huawei’s integration to spy on other countries, leading to Australia to outright ban Huawei from their 5G network. New Zealand is currently arguing the merits of banning Huawei from the network as well. 

Huawei has disputed these claims of spying on behalf of the government, but the United States is joining into the push against foreign 5G networks over fear of potential security vulnerabilities. Prying deeper into the forces behind these vulnerabilities is a rabbit hole outside of the scope of its technological impact on Australia, but this sort of foreign distrust will lead to greater demands put on Australia’s workforce regardless of how long the ban remains in place. 

It’s already well known that Australia isn’t producing enough IT specialists to meet demand, a common problem through the tech sector in nearly every country. The tech industry is projected to require as many as 100 thousand graduates within five years, yet 2017 only produced 15,530 graduates and postgraduates. Considering the scope and manpower required for implementing and maintaining a new mobile network alone, those numbers could rise even further. 

The Mobile Network Arms Race

Chasing after mobile broadband speeds are a well-documented development that has come to a head over the past decade with domestic policy heavily shaping its progress. Progress may have been slowed by corporations being excluded from these developments yet finding a middle ground that appeases tech giants and politicians alike is a battle that will likely continue for decades to come. 

The Australian government has yet to respond to rising needs in the IT sector through grants or public initiatives, leading the field to face a potential stagnation in talent. Having government backing in financial incentives or even simple awareness can shift how citizens choose to shape their careers, leading to booms and busts accordingly. It’s especially strange to see such a push for a new technology without support to back up these requests for an Australian-oriented network. 

In the meantime, Telstra has pushed out their first live 5G connection in an effort to both test the requirements for a full network and demonstrate its capabilities to those interested in the technology. It’s a significant change over 4G, with China being well ahead in the race and showing no signs of slowing down. Networks of this type are poised to drastically change how wireless connections will be used and developed through the coming years, promising a near quantum leap in the scale of the Internet of Things and globally interconnected devices. 

Mobile speeds are reaching a point where cell phones are one of the least intriguing uses of increased transfer rates, making the shift to 5G a business-oriented move that could heavily shape cultural developments as well. Its lack of backing by public figures is only made that much more baffling by the slow response from those with the means to push it into a state ready for public adoption. We’ll reach the 5G revolution sooner or later, but without the education necessary to implement and maintain the network, it’s looking like it’ll be later than it should.